Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama is one of the tallest representatives of the revolutionary stream of our freedom movement. She dedicated her life in organizing armed revolution against the oppressive British rule in India from abroad along with Shyamji Krishna Varma, Lala Hardayal, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Virendranath Chattopadhyay, M. N. Roy Dr. Bhupendranath Dutta and many others. She was the first who unfurled the Indian National Flag in foreign soil at the International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart, Germany in 1907. In her impassioned speech she urged upon the delegates to extend moral and material help to India’s freedom struggle. She devoted her entire life and energy in arousing world support for India’s cause and providing active help and encouragement to a fiery band of Indian revolutionaries. She is called, therefore, the mother of Indian Revolution. The writer marshalling many known and unknown documents has presented here in a lucid style Madam Cama’s life and activities. He had also presented here the works of other revolutionaries connected with her. Their lives and works should be better known to the people of India particularly to the younger generation.
The trade union movement in India began late due to late emergence of modern industries. The policy of British imperialist rulers was to prevent growth of modern Industries in India in order to serve the interests of British capitalists. The so called free trade policy destroyed Indian cottage industries throwing millions out of employment making India as the market of British machine made cheap goods and exporter of raw materials for their industries. In spite of that, due to historical reasons ultimately modern industrial undertaking began to take root in India. The flow of surplus British capital began to be invested in India in different sectors. As a result, with the growth of modern industrial undertaking wage earning working class came into existence in India. They were mercilessly exploited having no rights whatsoever. But the new wage earners were not real proletariat like their counterparts in the west. They were half peasant half worker. Their pitiable conditions attracted some philanthropists to undertake their cause in order to ameliorate their conditions. Later on modern trade unions took its shape by selfless works of pioneers belonging to persons of political affiliations and individuals. This book depicts the works of some seventy pioneers trade union movement irrespective of political affiliations spreading all over India. It is fascinating to read their pioneering works braving heavy odds of the time against joint onslaught of British rulers and Capitalists, mostly Europeans. Modern working class is immensely indebted to them. The pioneers have won many trade union rights by tremendous struggle and sacrifice that the modern working class enjoys now. The book is a must to every trade union leader and worker in particular and every student of history in general.
Held as pioneering work in its own genre, this book by Dr. Nandalal Chatterjee is an authoritative documentation of India’s journey to her independence. Free from both the colonial hangovers and the ultra nationalistic trends of writing history. Dr. Chatterjee has maintained—an objectively rarely found in his time. Beginning with an outline of the Indian Renaissance Dr. Chatterjee turns his attention to the uprising of 1857. He then moves on to outline the cultural roots of our nationalist ideology to be followed by an account of the origins of the Indian National Congress. The core of the book consists of a series of chapters focusing attention on the mainstream tradition of the non-violent movements led by Mahatma Gandhi. In the concluding chapter of the book, the author tires to reflect on how the independence was not only the end of a century-old struggle, but also the beginning of attempts toward’s a fuller realization of the age-old ideal of unity in diversity’.